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シリアの難民児童の貧困撲滅

コンテンツによって: ボイス・オブ・アメリカ

トリポリ、レバノン -

13の1歳のムーニャールは、シリアをレバノンで逃走させ、ほぼ殺したロケット弾で生き残った後、彼は安全だと思った。 実際、セクシュアルハラスメントや口頭での虐待など、ある種の危険を別のものに交換しました。

彼の父親が健康上の理由で働くことができなかったため、トゥナリのお菓子を売っていた家族のために、モーニールは11pmまで路上で飼育していた仕事をしていたため、12,000レバノンのポンド($ 8)

「本当に敵対的で、人々は私を「シリアの犬」などと呼んでいました」と、実際の名前ではないムーニールがトムソン・ロイター財団に語った。

「私は本当に怪我をするだろう。時々私は座って泣くだけで、屈辱的だった」

援助団体によると、ムーニールのようなシリアの子供たちは、レバノンに住む約XNUM万人の難民のうち、国の人口の約4分の1の貧困層を強化しなければならないと言います。

Thomson Reuters Foundationに早期にリリースされたデンマーク難民評議会(DRC)の調査によると、レバノンで働いているシリア児童難民の割合は、7の4%から2016%に上昇している。

理事会のスポークスマン、ベネディクト・ニクソンは、「唯一悪化すると言っても悲しい」と述べた。 「世帯が収入を得ていない限り、児童労働の割合は、
増加し続けます。

国連と援助機関は、先月、シリア難民とホストコミュニティのための資金調達における「重大なギャップ」が重要なサービスの削減につながる可能性があると警告した。

Globally, conflict and climate-induced disaster have driven more children into working in agriculture, which accounts for 71 percent of all child labor according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

"Households in Syrian refugee camps in Lebanon, for example, are prone to resort to child labour to ensure the survival of their family," the FAO said in a statement released on Tuesday to mark World Day Against Child Labor.

"Breaking Point"

Tanya Chapuisat, spokeswoman for the U.N. children's agency UNICEF, said Syrian families in Lebanon often had no choice but to send their children to work.

"Families are at their breaking point when it comes to debt, and so to be able to get their basic needs they are sending kids to work," she said.

Mounir's mother Hasnaa says she feels intense guilt but has no choice but to send Mounir and his 17-year-old brother out to work rather, depriving them of an education.

The rent alone on the small garage where the family lives is 280,000 Lebanese pounds a month.

"It feels like nothing is enough. Everything we have goes into paying for rent," she said.

More than three quarters of the refugees in Lebanon are living below the poverty line and struggling to survive on less than $4 per day, according to UNICEF, and less than half the Syrian children in the country attend school.

Mounir knows his life is not like most 13-year-olds'.

"A kid should be living a life of dignity and respect with no humiliation," he said.

Clutching his hands, he recalled the times when men on the street would approach him for sex.

"They tried to do bad things. I would not accept," he said, as he stared down at the ground.

"This has happened more than once to me on the street. They were all men. Of course I was scared of this. They would ask me to come with them and I would tell them I didn't want to go."

Even at 13, he said he was often the oldest on the streets, where children as young as five worked alongside him.

Last month he found work closer to home at a barber shop, where he earns 30,000 Lebanese pounds a week sweeping and helping the owner - though he still works 10-hour days.

His favorite subject at school before Syria's seven-year war cut his education short was math, and he dreams of going back to learn how to read and write.

"I want to become a mechanic. I like fixing things like motors," he said with a big, dimpled smile.

($1 = 1,505.0000 Lebanese pounds)

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